Pregnancy Wellness | How to reduce pregnancy complications?
Pregnancy is the most memorable time for a woman in her lifetime but you need to take extra care of your health during this time. Most pregnancies are generally uncomplicated but here are some most common complications which can be seen around us in pregnant women. In order to save yourself from these complications, you need to visit your doctor on a regular basis so that you can be able to watch for these pregnancy complications. These can be seen through using physical exams, lab tests, and ultrasounds. There are many complications associated with pregnancy but seven of them which are very common are
- Miscarriage– It means loss of pregnancy in the first 20 weeks. About 10 to 20 percent of pregnancies end in miscarriages and around 80 percent of miscarriages occurs before 12 weeks.
- Premature labor and birth– When a woman delivered a baby before 37 weeks, it’s called a preterm birth and the baby is considered as premature. In United States about 12 percent of babies are born prematurely.
- Swelling- Pregnancy swelling is a very common symptom in the third trimester of pregnancy. It is also known as Edema.
- Low amniotic fluid or oligohydramnios- The amniotic sac fills with fluid that protects and supports your developing baby. When there’s too little fluid, it’s called oligohydramnios.
- Gestational diabetes- in United States around 2 to 10 percent of pregnant women is prone to develop this type of diabetes.
- Ectopic pregnancy- When a fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, is an ectopic pregnancy. One in 50 pregnancies is ectopic.
- Placenta previa- In this complication, your placenta is lying unusually low in your uterus, next to or covering your cervix.
- Preeclampsia- It is a very serious condition that affects about 5 percent of pregnant woman. It is a condition when a pregnant woman has high blood pressure and high level of protein in the urine. This condition can have systemic or body wide effects which can create preeclampsia and premature delivery which are associated with a higher degree of inflammation in the body than can be expected in a normal pregnancy.
Protection from Preeclampsia
According to a new study from Norway suggests that drinking probiotic rich milk during pregnancy may decrease a woman’s risk of developing two pregnancy-related problems such as preeclampsia and premature delivery. These probiotic-rich beverages play different roles in pregnancy. Researchers found that women’s intake of probiotic milk during early pregnancy was linked with a lower risk for premature delivery compared with the risk for pregnant women who did not consume pro-biotic milks at all and pro-biotic-milk intake during late pregnancy is associated with lower risk for preeclampsia. As higher degree of inflammation in the body than can increase the chances of preeclampsia and preterm delivery, pro-biotic or “good” bacteria might help reduce inflammation in the body and therefore naturally reduces the risk of these pregnancy complications.
In this study, researchers collected data from about 70,000 pregnant women in Norway, who were participants in the long-running Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. As these women were the part of this study, they completed all the questionnaires about their health history and lifestyle habits at 15th and 30th week of pregnancy. They provided the information about their diet at 22nd week of pregnancy. The lifestyle questionnaires were based on their intake of pro-biotic milk products before as well as during and after pregnancy. According to a report, pro-biotic milk products are widely available in Norway.
Protective effects of pro-biotic milk
According to this study, researchers found that drinking pro-biotic milk during pregnancy was associated with a 20 percent lower risk of preeclampsia, compared with those who were not drinking pro-biotic milk during pregnancy. However, the results appear to suggest that consuming probiotics late in pregnancy can lower the risk of preeclampsia by reducing symptoms, such as high blood pressure and protein in the urine, which tend to occur in the third trimester. The timing of drinking pro-biotic milk also appeared to make a difference for premature delivery. Intake of pro-biotic milk in early pregnancy was linked to a 21 percent lower risk of premature delivery compared with not drinking probiotic milk during early pregnancy.
According to this explanation for this result is that preterm delivery can often be related to infection, which leads to inflammation in the body. As results suggest that if the body’s inflammatory response can be lowered at an early stage of pregnancy, this may lower the risk of pre-mature delivery. Anyhow, preeclampsia and preterm birth are thought to be influenced by inflammation, and some inflammation may originate from the placenta. So, in order to reduce inflammation, drinking pro-biotic milk is good but more research is needed before doctors can make recommendations. Probiotic milk may be a fairly common part of people’s diet in Norway, but it’s not in the United States.
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