Infertility treatment | Does Obesity links to Male Infertility?

Obesity is a global health problem that is reaching epidemic proportions with 1.6 billion adults classified as overweight and an extra 400 million adults classified as obese. It accounts for 7.5% of the total burden of disease costing approximately $21 billion dollars each year in Australia. So, Obesity is the very big problems for the maximum number of people these days. As we all know that obesity is linked to many life threatening diseases including, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart strokes and many more.

How Obesity links To Male Infertility?

A research has revealed that infertility treatment is also taking the largest place in today’s world. Today’s generation is very fast growing and wants to achieve everything on double pace. In order to get succeed in life and career we don’t give attention to our health. Lack of attention towards health leads to several kinds of health problems and one of the biggest problems is weight gain or obesity. As we all are aware that obesity is the main entrance point, from where all kind of health problems enters in human body. Obesity not only makes you look fat and ugly but it makes you sick and disabled. However, as we all know that when time comes to start family and have children, all the restrictions comes to the female. When a couple is trying to have baby, all the advice and restriction comes to mom to be like taking prenatal vitamin, quit alcohol, say no to sushi, get plenty of rest and maintain a healthy lifestyle. But when a couple is trying to have baby but failed after several attempt is considered as mom to be is infertile.

obesity and male infertility

How Responsible is Health Condition Of Male Partner In Conceiving?

A new research revealed that dad’s health condition at the time of conception is also a biggest factor in conception naturally. Many men may not realize that the health of their sperm is just as important as the health and viability of a woman’s egg,” says Joseph Garza, MD. He’s an obstetrician and gynecologist at the Advanced Fertility Center in San Antonio. A research suggests that obesity is reducing the quality of men’s sperm as well as lower a woman’s chances of successfully conceiving a child using in vitro fertilization. According to a new research an obese man is more likely to have dud sperm which makes a couple difficult to conceive and start their family. A study showed that when it was compared obese and overweight men to healthy and balanced weight men, its two third more likely to be infertile and almost three times as likely to have a non-viable pregnancy after undergoing assisted reproduction said by Dr Jared Campbell a scientists from University of Adelaide. Danish researchers found men who are overweight or obese have significantly lower sperm counts than men of normal weight. In addition, men who are underweight also had lower sperm counts compared with normal-weight men.

As we know that Australia as an example of a westernized society, since the 1970s the rates of obesity in reproductive-age men has nearly tripled. This obesity is coincident with an increase in male infertility as evidenced by the increase in couples seeking artificial reproductive technologies (ART) especially intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Now there is increasing awareness that male obesity should reduce in order to enjoy parenthood.

In the last 30 years, male infertility has tripled. There is now emerging evidence that male obesity gives negative impacts on male reproductive potential. It’s not only reducing quality of sperm but in particular altering the physical and molecular structure of germ cells in the testes and ultimately mature sperm. Recent data has shown that male obesity also impairs offspring metabolic and reproductive health suggesting that paternal health cues are transmitted to the next generation with the mediator mostly likely occurring via the sperm. Now the more interesting thing is that molecular profile of germ cells in the testes and sperm from obese males is altered with changes to epigenetic modifiers. Fifty per cent infertility belongs to the male in a couple, yet very little research has been done in the area, says University of Adelaide researcher Dr Jared Campbell.

How Obesity effects The DNA In the sperm?

Research shows it is not the amount of semen or its motility that causes fertility problems in obese males. according to research there is no quantity of semen or its motility that causes fertility problems in obese males. Dr Jared Campbell says, there were no statistical differences in these measures between normal weight and obese men. “We found the poor quality of the DNA in the sperm of obese men and the mitochondria (the power houses of cells) is inactive in the sperm of obese men,” he said. Some other research shows higher quantity of metabolic waste products in obese male that causes this problem in the sperm. Dr Jared Campbell said men don’t know, they can be the solution to the problem. According to him, infertile couples don’t realize that they can allow their dream come true by making men some lifestyle changes. He says, there has been a worldwide reduction in sperm quality but it can be reverse if men will do some hard work to maintain their healthy weight.

How Healthy Body is Necessary To Get Pregnant?

Dr Michelle Lane, from the University of Adelaide’s Robinson Research Institute, says both men and women are responsible to start their family and both male and female should be a healthy weight before trying to conceive a child.

Dr Lane says men often get let off the hook when it comes to infertility, with women feeling at fault, but this review clearly demonstrates the importance of men’s health in reproduction and pregnancy,”.

Being overweight, especially significantly so, can affect a man’s fertility. So if you are an overweight man and planning to have a baby in the next year or within few years, you might want to act now to lose weight. Start a healthy eating habit and exercise plan now to increase the odds of your partner (or surrogate) getting pregnant and having a healthy baby.

This review was published in the journal Reproductive Biomedicine Online.