Infertility | Facts about Endometriosis That Could Lead To Infertility
Endometriosis is a condition that is very common among women and it affects almost 10 per cent of women worldwide which lead to infertility including Hollywood A-lister Lena Dunham. March 2016 is mark as the World Endometriosis Month and with National Endometriosis Awareness Week ended just yesterday. According to a survey, it has been found that endometriosis condition lead to infertility in 30 to 35 percent among women and most of them don’t know about this. The actual cause of this condition is unknown yet and there is no cure for endometriosis. Dr Xavier Santamaria suggests that women should know the key element about this condition. Explaining a little more about endometriosis, Dr Santamaria said that endometriosis is the name given to that condition where cells like the ones in the lining of the womb (the endometrial) are found elsewhere in the body. These tissues also behave in the same way as the tissues which are found in the lining of the womb, mimicking the menstrual process. Every month these cells build up and break down and higher quantity of bleed occurs at the time of monthly periods because unlike monthly cycle this blood has no other way to escape.
Endometriosis is a chronic and debilitating condition and it often leads to pain. These conditions of health can also lead to infertility, fatigue and bowel and bladder problems. Around 2 million women in the UK are affected by endometriosis and can manifest itself in a range of symptoms, varying from person to person. Endometriosis has the potential to affect all women and girls of a childbearing age.
Causes of Endometriosis
There is no exact cause of endometriosis according to health experts and unfortunately there is still some confusion throughout the medical world as to what causes endometriosis. However, the widely accepted theory is retrograde menstruation. At this time where the womb lining doesn’t leave the body properly during the time of period and embeds itself on the organs of the pelvis. Other potential causes of Endometriosis are to be the weakness of a woman’s immune system, environmental causes and metaplasia (in which cells can change into endometrial cells to adapt to their environment). However, none of these theories are a definite cause or reason of occurring Endometriosis and therefore the exact cause of it remains unknown till yet. Health expert says that can be more common in the sisters and mothers of women who have the history of Endometriosis. Therefore it is believed to have a genetic background.
Symptoms of Endometriosis
According to health experts the symptoms which are associated with Endometriosis will vary from woman to woman, and some people will also suffer more severe symptoms than others. However, generally the most common symptoms which are being experienced by women who were suffering from Endometriosis condition. The lists of symptoms are
- Painful periods or heavy periods
• pain in the lower abdomen (tummy), pelvis or lower back
• pain during and after sex
• bleeding between periods
• difficulty in getting pregnant
Anyway, the most common question on everyone’s lips is that how can endometriosis affect fertility? Doctors said that Anatomical distortion and adhesions which is caused by Endometriosis reduces the chance of getting pregnant naturally. It becomes more serious problem in those women who suffer from severe condition of Endometriosis and as the increased number of adhesions means there is higher possibility the egg will get trapped and prevented from getting down the Fallopian tube. It is particularly a significant, if the ovary is wrapped in adhesions or if the Pouch of Douglas (the lowest area of the peritoneal cavity) is covered by adhesions. According to American Fertility Society Revised Classification of Endometriosis (AFS) score that Endometriosis is classified into minimal, mild, moderate and severe. This score helps dictate the chance of getting pregnant naturally.