Diabetes Risk | How Breast-feeding Is Responsible For Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is rising with double pace and it’s affecting billions of people on the earth. As we know that type 2 diabetes is more common among those people who are overweight or obese, lack of physical activity and eating too much of sugary products but now this thought has to be unclear. These days thousands of people are there who have the perfect fit and fine body with moderate physical active life without eating too much sugary product even though they have type 2 diabetes. According to doctors, it’s very difficult to predict that who will get this condition and who will never have type 2 diabetes. In order to protect ourselves, we can just reduce the risk of diabetes by losing extra weight, burning fat and calories and involving in any kind of physical activity. Now here is a big news for those women who have became mother very recently. Health experts say that new mother has the potential benefit of breastfeeding. According to a new research, if new mothers are breast feeding their babies can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. This new research has first published on Nov. 23, 2015 in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine.
How to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes?
Health experts says that if new mother will feed her baby for minimum 2 months can reduce the future risk of type 2 diabetes by 50%. The study has focused on breast feeding for more than 2 months is highly linked to reduction the risk of developing of diabetes. As we know that if woman is already suffered from gestational diabetes during pregnancy have the greater chance of getting the condition of type 2 diabetes but this research reveals that mothers who had already experienced gestational diabetes earlier or during pregnancy may also have the golden opportunity to reduce the risk of developing of type 2 diabetes. Erica Gunderson, a senior research scientist with Kaiser Permanente Northern California and the study author says that we should focus on the policy of breast feeding especially for those women who are obese or overweight and for those women who had the history of gestational diabetes has the greater chances of getting this condition. Erica Gunderson adds that this study doesn’t claim that breast feeding will definitely lower the risk of type 2 diabetes but it only shows that there is an association between breastfeeding and risk of type 2 diabetes.
Link between breastfeeding and type 2 diabetes
Erica Gunderson and team followed around 900 women for almost 2 years. All women suffered from gestational diabetes during pregnancy and gave birth to their child. According to this study researchers found 12% of women developed the condition of type 2 diabetes after delivery of their child. Those 900 women were categorized in to five groups according to their feeding style.
- First group was exclusive breast feeding
- Second group was exclusive formula feeding
- Third group was mostly breast feeding (less than 6 ounces of daily formula)
- Fourth group was mostly formula feeding (more than 17 ounces of daily formula) and
- Fifth group was mixed feeding (7 to 17 daily ounces of formula).
Erica Gunderson’s team found 54% lower risk of type 2 diabetes among those women who was in first group such as exclusive breast feeding compared to those who was in the second group like exclusive formula feeding. Women who was in the third, fourth and fifth group and those who fed their babies a mixture of formula and breast milk or even mostly used formula reduced the odds of type 2 diabetes by more than a third compared to second group women who fed formula alone. Study also focused on reducing the risk of glucose intolerance is linked to duration of breast feeding. Researchers says that mothers who fed their babies for more than 10 months has reduced the risk of type 2 diabetes by 57% compared to those who fed their child for two or less than two months. According to this study those women who fed their child between two to ten months has reduced the risk of diabetes by 50% compared to those who fed their child for less than two months. Erica Gunderson says new mom can get benefit of breast feeding in several ways.
How breastfeeding reduce the risk of diabetes?
Breast feeding or lactation provides rest to those cells who are responsible for insulin production. Insulin producing cells gets the rest because during lactation they don’t have to make so much insulin to lower blood glucose. Lactation uses up glucose and fat in the blood because these nutrients are needed from the bloodstream to breast tissues for the production of milk. Gunderson suggests that every new mom should opt for breast feeding option because breast feeding is the recovery period to the body after pregnancy, when the body must needed to go into overdrive with insulin production. This overdrive of body with insulin production keeps the blood sugar level under control. You can find several other physiological mechanisms which also suggest how breast feeding is responsible for lower the risk of type 2 diabetes. Dr. Alison Stuebe, an assistant professor of maternal-fetal medicine at the University Of North Carolina School Of Medicine in Chapel Hill says, Breast-feeding seems to provide the reset the body’s metabolism after the metabolic chaos of pregnancy. Gunderson says breast feeding provide a wide range of health benefits including maternal and newborn baby’s health, lifestyle behaviors and changes in mothers’ postpartum weight. Gunderson adds that breast feeding will be effective for every woman to lose those extra pounds which they gain during pregnancy. Weight loss and many other benefits from the breast feeding are totally dependent on the body type of women. There is a lot of variability in how women respond to pregnancy and lactation and in terms of what their body does.
Dr. Aaron Caughey says that Woman who has the higher rates of complications during pregnancy including gestational diabetes mellitus is less likely to breast-feed. He said this kind of pregnancy complications are leading to decreased attention towards breast feeding. Dr. Sherry Ross, an obstetrician and gynecologist at Providence Saint John’s Health Center, in Santa Monica, California says that those women who have gestational diabetes during pregnancy often get the other complications which makes breast feeding a challenging task for them. In the further discussion, Ross add that in order to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, a woman has to create strategy during pregnancy and keep it continue after delivery of baby. She also adds that apart from breast feeding, lifestyle changes like weight loss, dietary changes and increasing physical activities are also very helpful to reduce the future risk of diabetes.