Diabetes | How Weight Loss May Limit Diabetes Related Brain Changes?
Weight loss is always a very effective ways to reduce the risk of many diseases but it has been proved to provide the limitation of diabetes related brain changes. According to a U.S study, it has been suggested that weight loss may help people with diabetes the damages to brain which generally results from the disease. To get the exact effect of weight loss on diabetic people, researchers followed a group of diabetes people for more than a decade. These people were divided in to two groups as counseling and control. Counseling group of 164 people has received intensive counseling with diet and exercise support which was especially designed to help them lose weight up to at least 7 percent of their body weight and keep it off. Control group of 155 people has received only a standard disease education program. The result were varies from each other as counseling group lost more weight and achieved a greater gains in cardio respiratory fitness than control group. At last researchers has found that weight loss might protect against diabetes-related brain damage, the control group had smaller volumes of gray matter and more white matter disease by the end of the study. Smaller volumes of brain tissue and the presence of white matter disease are linked to cognitive decline.
Weight loss and brain changes
According to Mark Espeland, a public health researcher at Wake Forest School of Medicine in Winston-Salem, North Carolina and lead study author said that if people with diabetes changes their behavior towards fitness and increases the physical activity in order to lose weight and maintain a healthy body weight in mid life, it can lead to a long term benefits in brain health later in life. According to the World Health Organization, diabetes is about one in nine adults globally and by 2030 it can be the seventh leading cause of death. Most people have type 2 diabetes that is also known as adult onset. Espeland says that the brain consumes about 20 percent of the energy which the body uses, and the main source of that energy is blood sugar. Diabetes is responsible to make blood sugar less reliable energy source which can compromise brain function and lead to cognitive decline over time. How diabetes patients get the effects on their brain by intensive lifestyle changes, Espeland and his colleagues offered one group of intensive counseling which was generally encouraged the restriction of high calories food with less fats and proteins, some exercises of 175 minutes a week of moderate activity, which amounts to brisk walk. This counseling group was initially offered a weekly session, followed by monthly meetings for an extended period of time. In other hand, control group has received just standard care was invited to attend group classes a few times a year.
Over the first year, the intensive counseling group lost about 12 percent of their weight on average, compared with less than 1 percent in the control group. Cardio respiratory fitness, or the ability to supply oxygen to the muscles during exercise, improved about 26 percent for the counseling group over the first year, compared with 7 percent for the control group. While the counseling group gave back some of these initial gains over the course of 10 year study, they were still better than the control group. The total brain volume was similar. The average volume of white matter hyper intensities which concentrations of white matter that represent damaged areas, which can happen with age and be worsened by diabetes was 28 percent lower for the counseling group than the control group. Another sign of deterioration, the average volume of fluid-filled cavities which is called as ventricles, was lower by 9 percent in counseling group than control group.
Overall, at the end of the study, these both group named counseling and control group were similar in cognitive function but the counseling group did better on tests of attention and processing speed. Anyway, Dr. Caterina Rosano, a researcher at the University of Pittsburgh who wasn’t involved in the study said that researchers did not focus on many factors which can lead to better diabetes control like blood pressure, sleep apnea, depression, medication use and inflammation but still weight loss and other intensive lifestyle changes will help to reduce high glucose levels that are toxic to the brain.
However, the main goal of this recent study and other studies suggests that healthy lifestyle with appropriate diet; exercise and cognitive stimulation may help preserve brain function and structure in diabetics over pharmacological treatment alone. Anyway, here is an revolutionary product and an innovation which offers step by step all natural diabetes solution that will show you how to start reversing type 2 diabetes and pre diabetes in as little as 1 week. For more information, please visit the official website.