Diabetes is a very common health issues. It affects millions of men and women in this world. As diabetes is a common health illness, it has so many side effects on the other parts of the body. People who have type 2 diabetes may have the higher risk of developing “Diabetic Retinopathy”. It is complication that affects eyes. It’s caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina). At first, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems. But when damage occurs to the retina, it can lead to blindness.
Diabetic people should eat a diet which includes at least two servings of fatty fish per week in order to lower the risk of diabetic retinopathy. According to an observational study from Spain, researchers have analyzed the data on people participating in a larger randomized trial known as PREDIMED, which ran from 2003 to 2009 in Spain. It tested a Mediterranean diet with added extra virgin olive oil or nuts against a usual comparison diet for preventing heart problems over time. According to report, around 3,600 adults aged 55 to 80 who took part in PREDIMED and they had type 2 diabetes. This analysis is focused on them only.
According to questionnaires, which were based on food, the researchers determined that three quarters of these participants had met the target of omega-3 fatty acid intake levels of 500 mg per day, which can be achieved by meeting American Heart Association guidelines of two weekly servings of fish, preferably oily fish like salmon. Over about a six-year follow-up period, there were 69 new cases of sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy. According to the findings published in JAMA Ophthalmology, August 18, people who were meeting the guidelines of consumption of omega-3 fatty acid when the study began, there were 48 percent less likely to have this diagnosis during the study than those diabetic patient who did not meet the guidelines of consumption of omega-3 fatty acid.
According to lead author Aleix Sala-Vila, a researcher with CIBERObn (Spanish Biomedical Research Center in Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition) in Madrid and IDIBAPS at Hospital Clinic in Barcelona said that it’s hard to say whether the results would have been the same with omega-3 supplements but there have been encouraging results from several research teams who are studying dietary intake of omega-3 fatty acids and vision for all people, not just those who have diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 is increasing day by day and therefore more individuals are suffering from diabetic retinopathy or complications said Sala-Vila. People should be aware that even small changes in the right direction regarding diet can lead to substantial benefit for themselves. Including fish in their regular diet can be a way to live longer and better and it is beneficial for their heart and brain too. Fishes like Salmon, shrimp and light canned tuna are good, low-mercury options. According to Dr. Michael Larsen of Rigshospitalet-Glostrup and University of Copenhagen in Denmark in a commentary accompanying the study said that diet modification is a cornerstone of diabetes care. Larsen writes that it seems a safe bet now to spread one’s food intake to include the gifts of our oceans and forests. We should consider that how they can be protected for future generations and wait for large and ambitious studies of the effects of diet on diabetic retinopathy.
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